Californium: the essentials

Californium is a radioactive rare earth metal named after the state of California and the University of California (USA). Californium-252 is a strong neutron emitter and one microgram emits 170 million neutrons per minute, making it a biological hazard. It has a few specialised uses but only a few of its compounds are known.

Table: basic information about and classifications of californium.

Californium: historical information

Californium was discovered by Glenn T. Seaborg, Stanley G. Thompson, Albert Ghiorso, Kenneth Street at 1950 in USA. Origin of name: named after the State and University of "California", USA.

Californium was produced by Ghiorso and others at the University of California, Berkeley, USA in 1950 who bombarded 242Cm with helium ions.

Californium: physical properties

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Californium: orbital properties

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Isolation

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californium atomic number