Electronic configuration



This gives the ground state neutral gaseous atom electronic configuration of the elements.


There are minor discrepancies when the data are compared from different literature sources. I am grateful to Dr. William C. Martin (NIST, USA) for bringing Ref. 1 to my attention.

Literature sources

  1. Atomic, Molecular, & Optical Physics Handbook, Ed. Gordon W. F. Drake, American Institute of Physics, Woodbury, New York, USA, 1996.
  2. J.E. Huheey, E.A. Keiter, and R.L. Keiter in Inorganic Chemistry : Principles of Structure and Reactivity, 4th edition, HarperCollins, New York, USA, 1993.
  3. R.L. DeKock and H.B. Gray in Chemical Structure and bonding, Benjamin/Cummings, Menlo Park, California, USA, 1980.
  4. A.M. James and M.P. Lord in Macmillan's Chemical and Physical Data, Macmillan, London, UK, 1992.

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